Coorg or Kodagu has four main types of vegetation. The Evergreen forests of the west and the Moist deciduous and Dry deciduous forests in the central and southern parts of the district. Isolated evergreen or shola forests are found nestled between the folds of the mountain slopes which are covered by grasslands.
It is no surprise that this green and verdant place has a bouquet of wild life sanctuaries. It has three wildlife sanctuaries i.e Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary and and one national park, Nagarahole or Rajiv Gandhi National Park. Among these Pushpagiri is located in the northern part of Kodagu and has rare and endangered flora and fauna. In fact it has been designated as one of the important bird areas of the world. The rich Kadamakkal reserve forest is a part of the sanctuary. The name of the sanctuary, Pushpagiri, has been derived from the highest peak in the region. Kumaraparvat is another smaller peak. The sanctuary is surrounded by Bisle reserve forest and KukkeSubramanya forest ranges.
It is located in Somwarpet taluk of Kodagu district in southern Karnataka. It is noted as one of the important bird areas of the world and home to rare and endangered bird life. It is spread over 102 kms. The sanctuary adjoins Bisle reserve forest to the north and KukkeSubramanya forest range to the west. It is situated at a distance of 287 Kms from Bangalore.
Indian Wild Dog, Brown Palm Civet, Indian Giant Squirrel, Indian Hare, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Indian Muntjac, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Wild Pig, Giant Flying Squirrel, Travancore Flying, Otter species, Stripe-necked mongoose and mouse deer are some of the animal species found here. Recognized as an Important birding area the sanctuary has a rich diversity of birds like the Nilgiri wood-pigeon and Near threatened species like grey-breasted laughing thrush, black and orange flycatcher and Nilgiriflycatcher are found in this sanctuary.You can also spot birds like the blue-winged parakeet, grey-headed bulbul, Malabar grey hornbill, white-bellied blue flycatcher and small sunbird.Reptiles commonly seen in this sanctuary include, common cobra, Indian rock python, rat snake, olive keelback, king cobra and bamboo pit viper.
The sanctuary derives its name from the highest point, the Brahmagiri peak, which is 1607 m in height. It covers an area of about 181 Kms. Trekking at Brahmagiri Hill :Brahmagiri, at 1608 m above sea level, is a hill range on the Western Ghats bordering Kerala and Karnataka. It is situated on the border between Wyanad District of Kerala state on the south and Kodagu District in Karnataka on the north side. Pack your bags and head to this trekkers’ paradise that is graced by the ancient Thirunelli temple in the Wayanad district on the south and adorned by Iruppu falls from the Kodagu district of Karnataka in the north.
The top of BrahmagiriHill is well forested and has a lot of wildlife. Mammals in the Sanctuary include Lion-tailed Macaque, Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Wild Pig, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Nilgiri Langur, Slender Loris, Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Giant Flying Squirrel, Nilgiri Marten, Common Otter, Brown Mongoose, Civets, Porcupine, Pangolin.
Python, cobra and king cobra are some of the reptiles found in the Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuary.
Interesting birds in the Sanctuary include emerald dove, black bulbul and Malabar trogon.
It is located in the Western Ghats and this sanctuary is named after Talakaveri, the origin of the Cauvery River which lies on the eastern edge of the sanctuary. The origin of the river Cauvery is place of religious importance for the people of Kodagu.
Talakaveri was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1987. Talakaveri wildlife sanctuary is spread about 105.01 sq. km and it is covered with tropical evergreen forests. A few coffee and cardamom plantations are also covered within the sanctuary.