Bandipur National Park is regarded as one of the most beautiful national parks of India. Located amidst the picturesque surroundings of the towering Western Ghat Mountains on the Mysore-Ooty highway in Karnataka, Bandipur National Park covers an area of about 874.2 sq km. Together with Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala and Nagarhole National Park in the North, it creates the India's biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve'. The Bandipur National Park occupies a special place in India's efforts towards Eco-conservation.
Bandipur also has a sizable number of Tigers. Other natural inhabitants in this forest are sambhar, chital, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild dogs, wild boar, jackal, sloth bear, panther, malabar squirrel, porcupines and black-knapped hare.The reptile population includes the Marsh Crocodile, Monitor Lizards, Rock Python, Bamboo Pit Snake, Wolf Snake, Vine Snake and the common Krait besides a variety of turtles.
This is also the home of the Asiatic elephants. The Bandipur Wildlife sanctuary houses a sizable number of Tigers. Herds of Elephant can be spotted during the rainy seasons and their strength stands to about 1900 elephants including the babies. Other inhabitants found are gaur, sambhar, chital, deer, antelope, wild boars, jackals, sloth bear and the Malabar squirrel.
The avian species includes about 200 types of Birds including the migratory birds. The jungle fowl , the green pigeon are specially loved by the ornithologists and bird lovers. The back waters of the Kabinirivers as well as the Kabini Dam flowing north of the Sanctuary attracts a lot of Birds. The commonly found birds are Hawk eagle, Serpent eagle, Parakeets, Wood peckers, Barbets, Hornbills and the warblers. Ducks , Gray Partridges, Firhinges, Falcons can also be seen within the territory of the vast Sanctuary.